MEXICO – Mexico remained in 11th position among the main recipients of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the world in 2022, with US$35 billion, an annual increase of 12%, informed the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
In its World Investment Report 2023, UNCTAD indicated that this classification was led by the United States, with US$285 billion, followed by China, with US$189 billion.
With these results, flows to the United States fell by 26.5% and those to China increased by 4.4%.
This was followed by Singapore ( US$141 billion), Hong Kong (US$118 billion) and Brazil (US$86 billion).
Globally, FDI declined 12% in 2022 to US$1.3 trillion, after a strong rebound in 2021 following the sharp Covid-19 pandemic-induced drop in 2020.
The decline was mainly due to lower financial flows and transactions in developed countries. The slowdown was driven by overlapping crises: the war in Ukraine, high food and energy prices, and debt pressures.
The fall in FDI flows was mainly due to financial transactions by multinational companies in developed economies, where FDI fell by 37% to US$378 billion.
The Report, subtitled Investing in Sustainable Energy for All, shows that much of the growth in international investment in renewable energy, which has nearly tripled since the adoption of the Paris Agreement in 2015, has been concentrated in developed countries.
Among developing countries, Mexico ranked 8th in attracting FDI in renewable energy from 2015 to 2022, with close to US$40 billion, a ranking in which Brazil was at the top, with more than US$110 billion.
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Navy Minister José Rafael Ojeda Durán asserted Thursday that Mexico will become a “world shipping power” thanks to the construction of a trade corridor between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
In an address in Ciudad Madero, Tamaulipas, on Mexico’s National Navy Day, Ojeda noted that the government is building a “new route for global trade” between Salina Cruz, Oaxaca, on the Pacific side and Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, on the Gulf coast.
“In the near future we will become a world power in the field of shipping,” he said.
The Isthmus of Tehuantepec Interoceanic Corridor will have a modernized railroad and upgraded highways between the port cities of Salina Cruz and Coatzacoalcos as well as 10 new industrial parks.
The government is touting the corridor as an alternative to the Panama Canal given that it will connect the Pacific and Atlantic oceans across a relatively narrow strip of land.
Once the new railroad is operational, freight shipped from Asia, for example, could be unloaded in Salina Cruz and put on a train for a journey of approximately 300 kilometers to Coatzacoalcos. It could then be reloaded onto another ship before continuing on to the Gulf or Atlantic coasts of the United States.
Ojeda described the multi-billion-dollar trade corridor undertaking, which also includes the modernization of the Salina Cruz and Coatzacoalcos ports, as “one of the projects of the century” and asserted that it will stimulate economic development in the region and the entire country.
President López Obrador, who also spoke at the Ciudad Madero National Navy Day ceremony, announced in 2021 that the navy would be given control of the trade corridor once it is completed. He said Thursday morning that freight trains will begin running on the new railroad in August and that passenger services will begin at a later date.
To facilitate the rail project, López Obrador published a decree on May 19 that ordered the “immediate temporary occupation” of three sections of railroad in Veracruz operated by Ferrosur, a rail subsidiary of the mining and infrastructure conglomerate Grupo México.
The president announced Thursday that the government had reached an agreement with Grupo México under which the conglomerate will permanently cede control of the sections, which were taken over by the navy the day the decree was published.
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Nearshoring, in which manufacturing is relocating from Asia—mostly China—to North America—mostly Mexico—is one of the key drivers behind creation of CPKC (Canadian Pacific Kansas City), the first and only transnational, single-line railroad linking Canada, the United States and Mexico. CPKC, the merger of the Canadian Pacific and Kansas City Southern, was originally announced on March 21, 2021, roughly one year after USMCA (United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement) was ratified, replacing NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), which had been in place since the mid-1990s and helped drive privatization of Mexico’s national railroad system.
Some background: On June 19, 2019, the U.S. Senate passed the Protocol to replace NAFTA with USMCA, described by former U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer as “the gold standard by which all future agreements will be judged, and citizens of all three countries will benefit for years to come.” U.S. The House of Representatives passed the agreement on Dec. 19, 2019; the Senate passed it on Jan. 16, 2020. The Canadian House of Commons and Senate passed the USMCA Implementation Act on March 13, 2020.
Three years later—March 14, 2023, one day before the Surface Transportation Board approved the CPKC merger—KCS President and CEO Pat Ottensmeyer gave a presentation, “Nearshoring in Mexico: A Lifetime Opportunity,” at Railway Age’s Next-Generation Freight Rail Conference in Chicago. As Railway Age’s 2020 Railroader of the Year and 2022 Co-Railroader of the Year with CP President and CEO Keith Creel, he has talked extensively about nearshoring, and his role as chair of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce U.S.-Mexico Economic Council, in which he worked to ensure that the rail industry has a voice by working with public- and private-sector leaders to strengthen bilateral commercial ties. Ottensmeyer retired as KCS chief executive on April 14, 2023, when CPKC’s Final Spike ceremony took place, and is now a special advisor on Mexican affairs to CPKC chief executive Creel.
“The thesis for investing in Mexico remains strong,” Ottensmeyer said as he began his NGTC talk. “Mexico has maintained Investment Grade ratings throughout the pandemic. With exception of early in the pandemic, the Peso exchange rate has remained stable for the past five years. Through August 2022, Mexico’s manufacturing sector has grown at three times the rate of GDP growth. The country’s manufacturing base is large and is well integrated into existing North American supply chains. Most trade disputes have been resolved in Mexico’s judicial system, and the Mexican Supreme Court has ruled in favor of investors in proposed changes in Electricity Law.”
Ottensmeyer referred to the ongoing U.S.-China trade war, in which the U.S. imposed trade tariffs on China in the first half of 2018. Since, then China has lost more than four percentage points of its share of U.S. imports.
Reshoring/Nearshoring Push Factors
The pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine conflict are the two main “push factors” behind nearshoring and “reshoring,” the practice of bringing manufacturing and services back to the U.S. from overseas. “The pandemic caused significant and widespread disruptions to global supply chains,” Ottensmeyer noted. “Companies exposed to global trade are trying to mitigate the risks from supply chain disruptions by moving supply chains closer to home. Time zones are also more relevant than before as video-conferencing for meetings, management, etc., are more widely utilized.”
On the Russia-Ukraine conflict, security is a major concern. “Sanctions on Russia by the West make companies want to relocate resources to countries that have lower risk of sanctions—’friend-shoring,’” Ottensmeyer said. “An energy crisis is impacting many countries, but Europe especially. Firms are looking for locations with more energy availability and reliability, and North America has plenty of energy, including Mexico’s resource potential for renewable energy.”
Reshoring/Nearshoring Pull Factors
There are also “pull factors” for nearshoring/reshoring. “The goal of the USMCA is to reduce tariff costs and boost the integration of regional supply chains among its members,” said Ottensmeyer. “Since the original NAFTA, merchandise trade in North America has increased steadily. The three countries in the region not only trade, but also co-produce. Mexico is not only one of the top three exporters to the U.S., but also one of the top three importers. Many intermediate goods go back and forth several times across the border. Mexico already has a large manufacturing base that is highly integrated with the U.S. Its macrostability means the real exchange rate has remained stable in recent years. The country has political stability when compared to other emerging markets. Institutional checks and balances have been working. One recent example is that Congress rejected a constitutional change proposed by the President on energy, as the bill was perceived as discouraging private investment in the sector.
“Mexico has more than 25 years as a manufacturing powerhouse and has developed human capital at the production and managerial levels. For example, it’s usually among the top ten countries in the number of engineering graduates per year. Wages have remained stable, but wages in China have increased substantially: Despite recent increases in minimum wages, Mexico continues to have one of the lowest minimum wages compared to other EM or Latin America countries—US$4.80 per hour compared with US$6.50 per hour in China.”
The Path Forward
To leverage this “opportunity of a lifetime,” close dialogue must be elevated “at every possible level,” Ottensmeyer noted. This includes the North American Leaders’ Summit and North American Competitiveness Committee, high-level economic dialogue among the three countries, and encouraging private-sector engagement. “We need to improve cross-border mobility of goods and people, establish tri-national protocols to reduce supply chain disruptions during any future crisis, strengthen the regional digital economy via expansion of connectivity and optimization of cybersecurity, and promote sustainable economic and social development in the lesser prosperous regions through workforce development and financial inclusion,” he said.
“We’ve always been taught that the three most important factors in success were location, location, location,” Ottensmeyer stressed. “The same can be said for where to establish a business. In a post-pandemic environment, now is a great time to review what nearshoring could mean for a company’s supply chain. The benefits of USMCA complemented by the impacts of the COVID-19 global pandemic and international trade tensions have created the perfect opportunity for companies to explore the benefits of shifting manufacturing to Mexico to take advantage of the many benefits nearshoring has to offer. For companies that understand the concept of the cost of doing business and the importance of a comprehensive cost benefit analysis and want to offer quality products and services produced in the most economical manner possible, Mexico offers several cost benefits that make it an attractive manufacturing and distribution hub, such as a stable corporate tax rate and an incentive program combined with low labor rates and low costs of inbound freight—especially when compared with China.
“Mexico’s composite tariffs with the U.S. of 0.04%) compare very favorably with China’s composite tariff rate of 19.2%. Mexico’s current tax rate of 30% has not changed since 2010., and the amount a company pays in overall taxes might be even lower if it takes advantage of Mexico’s Maquiladora Program or the country’s Special Economic Zones. In addition Mexico has 14 free trade agreements with more than 50 countries representing more than 60% of world GDP.
“U.S. proximity to Mexico is a major advantage to businesses due to quicker transit times. Transporting goods from Mexico to New York can take about 6-12 days while going from Shanghai to New York can take about 35 days. Mexico to Los Angeles is 4 days, where Shanghai to Los Angeles is 22-26 days. Additionally, components can be sourced from the U.S., assembled in Mexico, and shipped back to the U.S. in a short amount of time. With Mexico located in the same time zones as the U.S. (Pacific, Mountain and Central), companies will benefit from greater efficiency and productivity. As more Americans speak Spanish and more Mexicans are speaking English, the language communication barrier is less of an issue in today’s marketplace.
“Mexico’s transportation and communications infrastructure have been upgraded, promoting the flow of freight over the border, reducing bottlenecks and improving logistics for U.S.-Mexico cross-border trade. Mexico has 16 major maritime hubs offering Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean. access. Critical investments include CPKC’s (KCSM) Veracruz rail corridor connection to Oaxaca connecting the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, and an expansion of the Lázaro Cárdenas Specialized Automotive Terminal. Finally because of Mexico’s geographic proximity and figurative closeness with the U.S., corporate social responsibility practices and trends are on the rise in Mexico.”
BOA on Nearshoring
According to a recent Bank of America (BOA) analysis, Mexico “can increase exports by 9% of GDP. Nearshoring represents Mexico’s best growth opportunity for the next 10 years and it is already occurring. The country is a natural candidate for firms to relocate production to serve the U.S. market, following the fragmentation of global supply chains and the ongoing reversal of the China trade shock of the early 2000s. U.S. imports are close to $3 trillion (220% of Mexico’s GDP). Mexico’s share of imports is 14%, while China’s share recently fell by 4% to 18%.”
BOA believes the positives should offset the negatives: “Nearshoring has started and led to a Mexican manufacturing boom. The sector has grown more than 5% year-to-date in real terms—one of the few sectors that is already above pre-pandemic levels (+6%) and that is growing as a percentage of GDP. Manufacturing exports are up 17% in year-to-date dollars, and Mexico increased its share in U.S. imports in some manufacturing products by 50% in the past three years. According to a recent survey by Mexico’s central bank, 16% of large firms in Mexico already report benefits from nearshoring. Reshoring is positive for Mexico as it would entail a positive productivity shock for the country at the expense of China.”
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Mexico has emerged as a key player in the global Information Technology (IT) industry, offering a range of opportunities for companies and professionals looking to tap into a growing market.
With its highly educated workforce, favourable business environment, strategic location, and vibrant startup culture, Mexico is poised to play a significant role in shaping the future of the IT sector.
In this article, we will explore the key factors that make Mexico an attractive destination for IT workers and why the future of this industry in Mexico is bright.
Mexico’s highly educated workforce is one of the most important reasons for its success in the IT industry. Mexico has a growing pool of highly skilled professionals with expertise in software development, data analysis, and other vital areas of the IT industry. Many of these professionals have received a world-class education. They are eager to apply their skills to a rapidly growing market. The education quality in Mexico is also improving since universities now offer computer science, engineering, and other IT-related programs that prepare students to enter the workforce with the skills they need to succeed.
Another factor that makes Mexico an attractive destination for the IT industry is its favourable business environment. Mexico has a strong commitment to free trade and open markets. It has established a supportive ecosystem for companies investing in the IT industry. This includes tax incentives, favourable labour laws, and a supportive regulatory environment encouraging investment and innovation. Mexico also has a thriving entrepreneurial culture, with many young entrepreneurs starting new companies in the IT industry. This entrepreneurial spirit is helping to drive growth and modernization in the IT industry, positioning Mexico as a leading player in the global market for technology and innovation.
Mexico’s strategic geographic location is another critical factor that makes it an attractive destination for the IT industry. The country is close to the United States, one of the world’s largest markets for IT products and services. It has a well-developed transportation and telecommunications infrastructure that makes it easy to connect with other markets in North America, South America, and beyond. This location also makes it easier for companies to access a large pool of skilled talent and take advantage of the many resources available in Mexico, such as low-cost labour, tax incentives, and a vibrant business environment.
The Mexican government has invested significantly in the IT industry, recognizing its potential to drive economic growth and create jobs. The government has implemented several initiatives to support the IT industry, such as tax incentives, grants, and other forms of support. These investments are helping to drive innovation and growth in the IT industry, positioning Mexico as a leader in the field.
Mexico is also home to a thriving startup culture, with many young entrepreneurs creating pioneering companies in the IT industry. This entrepreneurial spirit is helping to drive growth and innovation in the IT industry. Many of these startups focus on developing cutting-edge technologies, such as artificial intelligence, blockchain, and the Internet of Things, transforming businesses’ operations and competition.
In conclusion, the future of the IT industry in Mexico is bright, with a growing pool of highly skilled professionals, a favourable business environment, a strategic location, and a thriving startup culture. The Mexican government’s investment in the IT industry and its commitment to free trade and open markets are helping to drive innovation and growth. This project will promote Mexico as a key player in technology and creativity in the global marketplace. With its many advantages, Mexico is well-positioned to play a major role in shaping the future of the IT industry and become a leading centre for originality and development in the years to come.
If you want to travel to Mexico, check out the visa and vaccination requirements to enter this country. Whether you are a seasoned tech professional or a student just starting out in the field, Mexico is a destination that will inspire and excite you, offering opportunities for growth, learning, and adventure.
https://naimexico.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/05/ED-mexico_city-shutterstock_140540776-L-scaled.jpg17072560Vincenthttp://naimexico.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/logonai.pngVincent2023-05-17 09:28:512023-05-17 09:28:51Unveiling the Future: The Evolving Landscape of the IT Industry in Mexico!
Mexico was the United States’ largest trading partner in the first quarter of 2023, with exports of US $115.5 billion, according to figures released by the U.S Census office on Thursday.
Figures for Q1 2023 showed that total trade between the two countries (a combined total of imports and exports) was US $196.7 billion, an 8% increase over the same period in 2022.
In March alone, goods from Mexico accounted for 16.1% of U.S. imports — beating out Canada (15.5%) and China (10.1%) — for a total of US $42.8 billion. The figure represents annual growth of 5.9%.
China has topped the list in Q1 of each year since 2009 — with the exception of 2020, when the Covid-19 pandemic saw Mexico take the top spot. But in March, China saw exports drop 35% to US $30.8 billion.
Last year’s top whole-year trading partner, Canada, saw a 7.2% year-on-year drop in exports to the U.S market in March, registering only US $37.6 billion.
U.S. exports to Mexico also rose 2.6%, to US $29.3 billion in March — despite a year-on-year fall of 0.4% compared to 2022. Despite the rise, the U.S. still maintains a US $97 billion trade deficit with Mexico, or 12%, said the Economic Commission for Latin America. This figure has contracted considerably, however, previously standing at 39% in 2020.
The recent “super peso” and weakened U.S. dollar have created favorable conditions for export, but credit analysts Moody’s warned that there was some uncertainty surrounding global solvency for financial institutions, as well as volatility in the bond market that could lead to further fluctuations in exchange rates.
Mexico has become a nearshoring hub, with businesses from Asia rushing to set up operations in the country, taking advantage of the favorable investment conditions and proximity to the North American markets. This has led to a boom in manufacturing, especially in the automobile industry, but also increasingly in data, computing and home electronic goods, which are often exported to the United States.
Top exports from Mexico in 2023 included refined petroleum, auto parts and accessories, office machinery and integrated circuits, according to the Observatory of Economic Complexity.
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As manufacturing in Mexico returns to pre-pandemic levels, several recent legal developments may affect those operations. Manufacturers, particularly those in the automotive industry, need to consider new Mexican labor regulations, the recent interpretation of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement´s (USMCA) Automotive Rules of Origin, and new requirements concerning transparency of ownership.
Recovery of Automotive Manufacturing in Mexico
North American manufacturers of sophisticated and highly-regulated products that are to be delivered Just-in-Time, such as automotive or aerospace products, benefit from reliable, close-to-home suppliers.
In the USMCA manufacturing region, Mexico has a number of competitive advantages to manufacture labor intensive and sophisticated products—namely several decades as part of North America’s complex supply chains, significant trade promotion programs, and a large number of Free Trade Agreements to name a few. Such advantages are reinforced through USMCA’s market access certainty to both the U.S. and Canada.
Although Mexico’s economy faced extreme difficulties due to the COVID-19 pandemic as there was no governmental program to boost its economy, the country’s resilient manufacturing sector already has surpassed pre-pandemic levels. This boost in manufacturing can be partially attributed to nearshoring of manufacturers into Mexico—many in the automotive industry—in order to be closer to the U.S. and Canada markets. This nearshoring trend has triggered the arrival of new foreign direct investment (FDI).
The Mexican Ministry of Economy recently reported that Mexico captured US$35.29 billion in FDI during 2022, up from $31.54 billion in 2021. Manufacturing reigns as the most influential sector in that increase, accounting for 36% of the country’s total FDI, with the U.S. and Canada standing out as Mexico’s two main trading partners. The Ministry of Economy also noted that automotive part manufacturers were among the largest recipients of foreign investment.1
According to 2022 data, the FDI in the automotive manufacturing sector has not yet recovered to pre-pandemic levels. However, there are reasons to be optimistic that this will change in the near future due to the USMCA’s market attractiveness and the natural advantages of manufacturing in Mexico, such as its highly specialized labor force and its geographic proximity to the U.S.
In anticipation of Mexico’s continued growth as a manufacturing hub for U.S. automotive companies, the following are recent updates and trends in Mexico that your company needs to consider when relocating or operating in the country.
Increase of Labor Benefits
The Lopez-Obrador administration has pushed for increasing labor benefits to employees in Mexico, which investors in Mexican manufacturing should take into account when making their budgets and economic projections. The following are the most recent and relevant changes to existing labor rules:
Effective January 1, 2023, the Federal Labor Law increased vacation days in Mexico. Before this amendment, employees had a minimum of six (6) working days’ vacation period per year of service. The new rule increases the period to a minimum of twelve (12) working days per year of service, which will grow by two (2) days per year up until the employee is entitled to twenty (20) working days vacations. As from the sixth year of service, the period shall increase by two (2) working days per every five (5) years of service.
Beginning January 1, 2023, the minimum wage for Mexican employees increased 20%. Even though most employees receive more than minimum wage as a starting salary, this increase is expected to impact even Mexican companies that pay above minimum wage, as they commonly index salaries to a minimum wage reference. The effect of rising minimum wage on salaries will become clearer when the common yearly salary revision takes place.
According to a 2020 amendment to the Mexican Social Security Law, companies’ mandatory contributions to one of the components of employees’ pension funds shall progressively increase from the current 3.15% of the employee salary to 11.87%. This increase shall occur progressively from 2023 up until 2030; during 2023, employers’ contribution will range from 3.15% to 4.24%, depending on the employee’s salary.
Mandatory Legitimization of Collective Labor Contracts
May 1, 2023 is the maturity date for all existing collective bargaining agreements across Mexico to be legitimized through the express support of a majority of the workers covered by the relevant agreement (following a carefully staged process). Legitimization efforts have long been underway as per the relevant rules issued May 1, 2019. However, it is expected that 80% to 90% of current collective labor contracts will not meet the legitimization threshold and, consequently, will be automatically terminated.
When such agreements are terminated, individual labor contracts will be automatically created for every worker; said individual contracts will incorporate the terms contained in the then-terminated collective labor contracts that are superior to the minimum standards established by Mexican laws.2 This measure intended for individual workers to continue under the same labor conditions, though no longer under a collective labor contract.
The lack of a collective labor agreement—the long standing status quo in the country—likely will bring restlessness in the workforce. Though workers’ current rights will be preserved by the individual labor contracts, Mexican workers will need to decide whether to enter into a new collective labor agreement sooner rather than later.
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In March 2023, Marcelo Ebrard, Minister of Foreign Affairs, went to New Delhi, India, to advance innovative binational projects in the fields of aerospace, lithium, biotechnology, water and vaccines, before opening a Mexican Consulate in Mumbai. An agreement was signed between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, represented by Ebrard, and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), represented by Dr.Jitendra Singh, India’s Minister of Science and Technology.
“Both countries will identify priority projects for development, including hydraulic management, electromobility and production of vaccines at low cost. Once the funding is determined, research institutes will be called upon to implement the project,” said Ebrard. The agreement also considers a fund of US$1 million, financed by both countries of US$500,000 each.
Both Mexico and India are part of the G20, which plays an important role in shaping and strengthening global architecture and governance on all major international economic issues. The collaboration between G20 countries on lithium research is a move in the right direction as lithium can help Mexico with its energy transition due to its role in rechargeable batteries for e-vehicles.
In February 2023, the Geological Survey of India (GSI) stated the discovery of 5.9Mt of Lithium deposits in the Salal-Haimana area of Jammu & Kashmir’s Reasi District. During his visit, Ebrard encouraged Sun Mobility, a company known for building energy infrastructure for electric vehicles, to expand into Mexico. The company tweeted, “We had the pleasure of demonstrating our battery swapping solution to @m_ebrard … during his visit to Delhi. It is highly motivating for us to receive such a positive response for our “Made in India” solutions for the world.”
Regarding vaccines, India has been named the “Pharmacy of the World” for not only successfully carrying out the largest vaccination campaign during the COVID-19 pandemic but also for providing vaccines to over 100 countries under its Vaccine Maitri initiative. Both India and Mexico will benefit from this collaboration, as manufacturing becomes more regionalized.
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Con la participación de 12 empresas de distintos rubros arrancó ayer la octava generación de The Bridge Accelerator, programa que tiene por objetivo el desarrollo de proveeduría regional.
En la inauguración del evento se contó con la ponencia de Eduardo Rodríguez Dávalos, fundador de Grupo La Nogalera, empresa juarense dedicada a la rama de la agroindustria en Jiménez, quien compartió a los cursantes que tratar al factor humano con paciencia y con convicción asegurará el éxito de sus compañías.
“Siempre hay que tener un enfoque humano y el trato a las personas por convicción, no por conveniencia; ése el motivo por el cual hemos logrado tener el éxito que tenemos hasta ahorita”, expresó.
Sin embargo, agregó que después de 23 años ha pasado por muchas adversidades y retos, como es satisfacer a todos los colaboradores, que incluye tanto al equipo de trabajo, los clientes y los proveedores, que son los productores de nueces.
Otros de los desafíos son tener acceso a los recursos para operar, por lo que invitó a los participantes a aprovechar las herramientas que les ofrece The Bridge Accelerator.
“La evolución de La Nogalera, empresa local e internacional, sirve como inspiración a los empresarios de nuestra región para buscar mejorar sus modelos de negocios y trascender fronteras”, comentó Omar Saucedo, gerente de Microsoft TechSpark, una de las compañías que hacen posible este programa binacional.
IPS Techology, IMTECH Software, Grupo AG Tech Solutions, GlezCo Express, Paso del Norte Reciclado, Coplasco, Laser Innovation, Magenta Registro, Servicio Médico Empresarial de la Frontera, NAI México, Acces Group y Recilogic son las empresas que durante 12 semanas serán capacitadas para hacer crecer sus negocios.
“Ésta es la octava generación, llevamos ya 78 Pymes que han pasado por este programa, con ventas por 61 millones de dólares y la creación de más de 500 nuevos empleos”, dijo Saucedo.
El estado de Baja California se ha destacado por su aumento en la llegada de inversión extranjera y nacional. Su posición geográfica, es una de las ventaja que han observado diversas empresas multinacionales, mismas que han decidido establecer sus operaciones de manufactura, logística y distribución en la región.
De acuerdo con el “Panorama Económico de Baja California”, realizado por la Secretaría de Economía e Innovación del estado, al cierre del 2021, el crecimiento de la actividad industrial fue de 12.7% en la entidad, hecho que la posicionó como el primer lugar de la frontera norte. Mientras que, al primer mes del 2022, el sector de la construcción creció 12.1 por ciento.
De igual forma, la dependencia, detalló que al 3T2021, los sectores con mayor crecimiento fueron las manufacturas (19.2%), el comercio (18.2%) y la minería (13.9%).
Inversión Extranjera Directa en Baja California
En cuanto a la captación de Inversión Extranjera Directa (IED), la entidad se posicionó durante el mismo periodo, en el tercer lugar a nivel nacional, con 7%, solo por debajo de Nuevo León con 12.7% y CDMX con 16 por ciento.
“Se trata de un incremento del 85% respecto a 2020. De esta, el 45.7% se destinó al transporte de gas natural por ductos, seguida por la fabricación de automóviles y camiones (9.8%). Cabe mencionar que 8 de cada 10 dólares invertidos en B.C. provinieron de Estados Unidos (82.4%)”, se detalla en el documento.
Por su parte, la Secretaría de Economía Federal, destacó que la captación de IED del estado fue de 2 mil 212.8 millones de dólares, del cual 52.8% correspondió a nuevas inversiones.
Cabe destacar que la cifra total de IED, significa un récord para la entidad, ya que es la más alta registrada en 20 años.
Adquisición de vivienda en Baja California
Otro de los sectores que han mostrado crecimiento en el estado, ha sido la adquisición de vivienda, principalmente por ciudadanos estadounidenses, que ante el aumento de costos en su país, buscan comprar alguna propiedad en la entidad.
El Comité de Turismo y Convenciones de Tijuana (Cotuco), explicó que el 40% de los inmuebles adquiridos en Tijuana, corresponden a personas del sur de California.
Por lo que en 2021, este sector dejó una derrama económica de 420 millones de dólares. Ante esto, Kurt Honold, secretario de Economía e Innovación de Baja California, informó que se busca continuar impulsando este sector para que ciudadanos americanos, comiencen a comprar propiedades en la ciudad y no solo en las costas.
Arturo Gutiérrez Sánchez, presidente de Cotuco, explicó que los rubros económicos que crecieron durante la pandemia fueron el desarrollo habitacional, construcciones y turismo de salud.
https://naimexico.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/man-giving-business-presentation-using-futuristic-digital-pen-scaled.jpg17072560Vincenthttp://naimexico.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/logonai.pngVincent2022-05-03 15:33:502022-05-03 15:36:19Baja California, líder de inversión nacional
At the 2022 Spring Meeting in San Diego, panelists shared some of the opportunities they see in Mexico, while addressing some of the perceived challenges, both real and imagined.
Blanca Rodriguez, director of finance and capital at Marhnos Inmobiliaria, said that Mexico’s REITs, known as “FIBRAs”, help provide liquidity to the market for those looking to transact. “’How am I going to exit from these investments?’ is no longer a question,” said Blanca. “An institutional investor from anywhere in the world is welcome.”
Gonzalo Robina, CEO of FIBRA UNO, a real estate investment trust, said that many of the global events of the last decade are benefitting Mexico. Manufacturers are returning to Mexico to China and elsewhere. Even some of China’s companies are creating manufacturing facilities in Mexico to be closer to the North American customer base, said Gonzalo.
Federico Martin del Campo said that Mexico’s workforce is fairly well educated in engineering and other trades but at a lower cost.
Rodriguez said that some parts of Mexico have become destinations for “digital nomads” who can work from anywhere with Internet access.
“You don’t see too many cranes,” said Erez Cohen I, co-CEO of Urbium Property Group. “So we’re not worried about overheating or overbuilding.”
“Exchange rates have been stable, but with some of the hotels, you are getting paid in dollars with your expenses in pesos,” said Robina.
Del Campo said that in the past industrial has been somewhat recession proof as you can cut back on labor by reducing hours or shifts but you are still paying your full rent at least until the end of the lease.
Rodriguez said she sees an opportunity in the future for public private partnerships for infrastructure.
Cohen said Mexico is also home to six different unicorns, a term for tech companies with a valuation of more than $1 billion. He also sees a sees a nearly 10 million home deficit in terms of housing Mexico’s population, larger per capita than the United States.
Robina said that in the office space, most new development is the equivalent of LEED certified and energy efficient. Del Campo said that lenders are also interested in giving favorable financing to ESG compliant projects.
In response to an audience question, Carlos de Icaza, a partner with law firm Creel, García–Cuéllar, Aiza y Enríquez, said that there is some exaggeration of the issue of eviction in Mexico where ultimately it is a country of laws and courts where if you don’t pay, you eventually leave, particularly at the middle to higher income levels.
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